998001 – A special number?

Recently 998001, a seemingly simple number except for its nuanced connection to 9, was is limelight.If you find the reciprocal of this number, then the resultant number has all numbers from 1 to 999 except for 998 in the decimal part.


On observing the number, then 99801=square(999). This seems to be the pattern for 1/sq(9),1/sq(99) etc which gives all one digit numbers except 8, all two digit numbers except 98 respectively.

Then why the absence of 8? One reason might be addition of 1 to last 9 adding 1 to the last digit and thus eliminating 8 from the resultant.

Thus 998001 is not a special number, it’s just a family of numbers having continuous addition leading to elimination of 8.


From pocket 13: The greatest physics theorem you’ve never heard of | New Scientist


Amalie “Emmy” Noether transformed how we think about the universe. Despite the hairy mathematics, her great first theorem can be described conceptually in just a short sentence: Symmetries give rise to conservation laws.

From pocket 12: 36 Methods of Mathematical Proof


If the proof of a theorem is not immediately apparent, it may be because you are trying the wrong approach. Below are some effective methods of proof that might aim you in the right direction.
Proof by obviousness: “The proof is so clear that it need not be mentioned.”

Proof by general agreement: “All in favor?…”

Proof by imagination: “Well, we’ll pretend it’s true…”

Proof by convenience: “It would be very nice if it were true, so…”

Proof by necessity: “It had better be true, or the entire structure of mathematics would crumble to the ground.”

Proof by plausibility: “It sounds good, so it must be true.”

Proof by intimidation: “Don’t be stupid; of course it’s true!”

Proof by lack of sufficient time: “Because of the time constrait, I’ll leave the proof to you.”

Proof by postponement: “The proof for this is long and arduous, so it is given to you in the appendix.”

Proof by accident: “Hey, what have we here?!”

Proof by insignificance: “Who really cares anyway?”

Proof by mumbo-jumbo: 

Proof by profanity: (example omitted)

Proof by definition: “We define it to be true.”

Proof by tautology: “It’s true because it’s true.”

Proof by plagarism: “As we see on page 289,…”

Proof by lost reference: “I know I saw it somewhere….”

Proof by calculus: “This proof requires calculus, so we’ll skip it.”

Proof by terror: When intimidation fails…

Proof by lack of interest: “Does anyone really want to see this?”

Proof by illegibility: $^£^^$×`∆∆~}€]©✓${~}~✓©✓©✓$€~\~\•{√=|=`×~¶¶•¶¶√××׶$×`¶¶|¶$}®\™}✓

Proof by logic: “If it is on the problem sheet, it must be true!”

Proof by majority rule: Only to be used if general agreement is impossible.

Proof by clever variable choice: “Let A be the number such that this proof works…”

Proof by tessellation: “This proof is the same as the last.”

Proof by divine word: “…And the Lord said, ‘Let it be true,’ and it was true.”

Proof by stubbornness: “I don’t care what you say- it is true.”

Proof by simplification: “This proof reduced to the statement 1 + 1 = 2.”

Proof by hasty generalization: “Well, it works for 17, so it works for all reals.”

Proof by deception: “Now everyone turn their backs…”

Proof by supplication: “Oh please, let it be true.”

Proof by poor analogy: “Well, it’s just like…”

Proof by avoidance: Limit of proof by postponement as it approaches infinity

Proof by design: If it’s not true in today’s math, invent a new system in which it is.

Proof by authority: “Well, Don Knuth says it’s true, so it must be!”

Proof by intuition: “I have this gut feeling.”

Questions to ponder

  1. Why should we work hard to earn
  2. Why are we still working on money when we can have other more stable choices of transactions.
  3. Is language the true barrier for science?
  4. Is Camus right? Is our life absurd?
  5. Am I more important than us?
  6. What is I after I am dead?
  7. Is Pascal’s wager logically correct rather than mathematically?
  8. Is there answer to question or mere approximations to them?
  9. Epistemic skepticism- Simulactrum-Hedonism- Preference Hedonism -Neitzhche : Is pleasure important,Is pain important or the path of pleasure more important?
  10. Socialism is more natural and logical than capitalism.Or is it? Even if it is,why is it so difficult to ensure?
  11. Is my brain=my mind? Is my mind a subset of our mind? Our mind,if superset, includes even universe as space-time and numbers are already in our brain right?
  12. What is spirituality?
  13. Is Cartesian duality correct? In a perspective how can anything be wrong?
  14. Is mathematics man-made or a universal language of existence or a simple song of reality ?